Population of Vehicles in India and Air Pollution

Population of Vehicles in India and Air Pollution

India is the almost developed country now. But still the country is facing many problems. In that the main problem is the population and the pollution. Here I am talking about the population of vehicles and pollution because of these vehicles. In this country every other house has at least 2 vehicles, which is sometimes not even necessary.

Lets have a look on numbers, according to statista, in fiscal year 2022, the total number of vehicles stood at 326.3 million. As India is the third largest road network in the world, 60 percent of the population travels by road. In 2001 there were 55 million vehicles in our country and it increased to 127.7 million in just 10 years.

Only vehicles are not responsible for the pollution, but it is one of the major source of air pollution. We are at the 8th position among 131 countries in worst air quality. According to the India Air Quality Index (AQI) the Air Quality Index of our nation is 144, which is unhealthy for sensitive groups.

Air Pollution is like a silent killer. This is the biggest threat to the country’s health and economy as well. According to World Bank, 1.67 million deaths were attributable to air pollution in India in 2019, accounting for 17.8% of the total deaths in the country. The Government of India is taking strict actions on this problem. India has strengthened vehicular and industrial emission standards. It is also promoting electric vehicles.

Air pollution is a major global health concern, causing a variety of health problems, including:

Respiratory illnesses: Air pollution can irritate the lungs, leading to coughing, wheezing, and shortness of breath. It can also worsen existing respiratory conditions such as asthma and chronic obstructive pulmonary disease (COPD).

Heart disease: Air pollution can damage the heart and blood vessels, increasing the risk of heart attack, stroke, and other cardiovascular diseases.

Lung cancer: Air pollution is a major cause of lung cancer, even in people who have never smoked.

Other health problems: Air pollution has also been linked to a variety of other health problems, including diabetes, cognitive decline, and dementia.

The severity of health effects from air pollution depends on several factors, including:

The type and level of pollutants: Different pollutants have different health effects, and some pollutants are more harmful than others. The level of pollution is also important, as higher levels of pollution are generally associated with greater health risks.

The length of exposure: People who are exposed to air pollution for longer periods of time are at greater risk of health problems.

Individual susceptibility: Some people are more susceptible to the health effects of air pollution than others, such as children, older adults, and people with existing health conditions.

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